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What is Gabapentin in Brief?

Gabapentin is a drug that most people recognize by its brand name Neurontin. This drug is mostly used as an oral medication for the treatment of neuropathic pain and seizures. This drug can be used for adults as well as children above the age of 3 years for the treatment of epilepsy.

What are the Different Forms of Gabapentin?

Gabapentin is available in the form of solid tablet-like pills which can be further divided into the immediate-release oral tablet and extended-release oral table.

Apart from the tablet, the drug Gabapentin is also available as an oral solution.

So it is established that the use of the Gabapentin drug is to be done through the oral route irrespective of it being in solid pills or liquid solution.

What are the Uses of Gabapentin?

There are different uses of Gabapentin drug based on the forms in which it is available.

The solid pills or tablets, both quick release, and slow-release ones are used for the treatment of neuropathic pain and seizures.

Let’s look at the uses of Gabapentin oral drugs in the form of solid pills in further detail.

  • Focal Seizures

Seizures are symptoms of disorders that indicate that the activity of the nerve cell in the brain is disturbed. Usually, it occurs as a part of Epilepsy in both adults and children.

Focal seizures are also known as partial seizures and Gabapentin oral pill or capsule is prescribed to treat them in combination with other medication. The dosages of Gabapentin drug for the treatment of seizures are different based on the severity of the condition and the age of the patients, also they are not interchangeable for adults and children.

  • Postherpetic Neuralgia

This is the most common type of complication caused by shingles and this causes damage to the nerve fibres of the skin making the skin burn along with the appearance of blisters and rashes which are common symptoms of shingles, which are caused by Herpes Zoster virus also known as Chickenpox virus.

Even when the rashes and blisters heal, the burning pain lasts for which slow-release Gabapentin and immediate-release Gabapentin oral tablets are used as treatment.

Gabapentin helps by relieving the pain caused by nerve damage for adults suffering from Shingles and is used as a combination treatment with other drugs.

  • Diabetic neuropathy

There are two types of diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2, out of which Type 2 diabetes is considered to be the more severe one as it leads to nerve damage and harms the central nervous system with the passage of time.

As there is no cure for any type of diabetes a variety of combination treatments are prescribed for the symptomatic treatment which includes relieving neurological pain with the use of Gabapentin oral drug.

  • Migraine headaches 

Migraine headaches are chronic and their intensity increases with time and it does not have any permanent cure but new-age treatments such as botox are explored for managing the symptoms better.

Similarly, many doctors prescribe oral tablets of Gabapentin for off-label use for relieving migraine headaches.

These are some of the uses of solid oral Gabapentin medication and your doctor can help you in giving you more specific uses of this drug.

Uses of Gabapentin Oral Solution

There is the solution of 100 ml Gabapentin Oral suspension that is used for the treatment of seizures, chronic pain, and pain relief in incurable conditions such as cancer, nerve damage, social phobia, and bipolar disorder.

The liquid solution of the Gabapentin oral drug is considered to be more potent than the oral tablets and is thus taken under the careful observation of your doctor.

How to Make Use of Gabapentin?

Gabapentin drug in its solid pill form and oral suspension form is ingested orally unless specified differently by your doctor. Your doctor will give you specific and detailed instructions regarding the usage and dosage of the Gabapentin drug when they prescribe it to you. You can ask for written instructions to avoid any confusion regarding the use of the Gabapentin drug.

What are the dosages of Gabapentin Available?

There are many different dosages of Gabapentin Oral are available such as 300 mg, 600 mg, 100 mg, and 200 mg to name a few.

Your doctor decides the best dosage of Gabapentin based on your physical condition, the condition for which you need pain relief as well as your age.

What are the Side-effects of the Gabapentin Drug?

Side effects of Gabapentin Oral drug:

  • Anxiety
  • Headache
  • Double vision
  • Memory problems
  • Dry mouth
  • Constipation
  • Blurry vision
  • Drowsiness
  • Rapid eye movements
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Runny nose

These are some of the most common side effects of the drug Gabapentin that has been reported by people and it is stated that they pass away on their own once the body adapts to the presence of the drug.

As a precaution, if you find that your side effects are severe or unbearable to you then inform your doctor immediately. Also, this is a brief list of side effects and you can get a more detailed list of Gabapentin side effects from your doctor as well as your pharmacist.

Which are the Medications that Interact with The Drug?

The medicines that interact with Gabapentin Oral are laid down below:

  • Cetirizine
  • Alprazolam
  • Ascorbic acid
  • Acetaminophen
  • Levothyroxine
  • Hydrocodone
  • Metoprolol
  • Atorvastatin
  • Cyclobenzaprine
  • Duloxetine
  • Aspirin
  • Omega-3 Polyunsaturated fatty acids
  • Escitalopram
  • Pregabalin
  • Quetiapine
  • Cyanocobalamin
  • Cholecalciferol
  • Sertraline

These are the names of the medications that have been reported to interact with the drug Gabapentin which implies that if you use the above-mentioned drugs with Gabapentin then there may be undesired effects on your health.

This does not mean that you cannot use any other drug with Gabapentin, in some cases, the dosages of two different drugs will have to be adjusted so that the optimum results are obtained. If a certain drug interacts producing adverse effects even in lower dosages then that particular drug can be replaced with a suitable substitute.

Does Gabapentin interact with any food item or drink?

There have been few reports of food interactions for the drug Gabapentin but it interacts adversely with alcohol. When alcoholic beverages are used along with the drug Gabapentin the person may suffer from severe drowsiness, blurry vision, slower reflexes, thinking impairment, and fainting.

Therefore, alcoholic beverages are not to be used or combined with the drug Gabapentin to prevent interaction.

How Should Gabapentin be used in Pregnant and Lactating Mothers?

Gabapentin and pregnant women:

When a person is planning to have a baby they should discuss all their medications with their doctor to avoid any damage to the unborn child. As each pregnancy is different the physical requirement will also differ, generally, doctors avoid prescribing Gabapentin drugs to pregnant women as safer alternatives are available.

Gabapentin and Lactating women:

Many doctors prescribe Gabapentin drugs to lactating mothers and in the majority of cases, the child has not suffered from any adverse effects of the medication. But if you are breastfeeding a child while making use of the Gabapentin drug then make sure your doctor monitors the health of your child to recognize any adverse effects of the drug.

Are there any Warnings Associated with the Use of the Drug Gabapentin?

Gabapentin drug can induce extreme drowsiness and even make your reflexes slower and weaker, so if you are going to use this drug, avoid operating any heavy or delicate machines and avoid driving.

If you are new to the use of Gabapentin, rule out any risk of Gabapentin allergy to avoid any harmful side effects. Your doctor will help you to determine if you have any allergic reaction to this pain-relieving drug.